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Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 1

しこしここに Authority Stateletter Inhz MS NARA Date 2 98 Embassy XEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA No. 1042 San José, Costa Rica January 28, 1944 Subject: Transmitting brief summary of factors and personalities involved in 1943 44 Costa Rican presidential campaign. STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL yeg tribution RECEIVED DEPARTMENT OF STATE FEE PM 12 SEVI...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 2

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 2
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismCommunist Party
VECLASSINED Authority State Letter Inhz By ML, NART Date 2498 BRITT SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND OF 19 dipendo PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION INTRODUCTION: Dr. Rafael Angel Calderón Guardia was olosted Prosident of Costa Rica in oleotions held in Tobruary 1940 by the largest popular vote in Costa Rica history, duo to the fact that he was wopposed except by the ...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 3

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 3
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismCommunist Party
DECLASS:ritu Authority State Letter Mhz By ML NARS Date 24981 of Catholios in the successor of the Communist party, the Vanguardia Popular. The President and the Archbishop have been friends since boyhood and the former undoubtedly exercised considerable influence over Monseñor Sana bria. This move opened the way for the President to roccive the...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 4

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 4
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismManuel MoraNazism
DECLASSINEU Authority Stateletter Whe eyme NARS Cate 2458 hatred of Cortés was so intense that his main purpose was to eliminato any danger of Cortésbeing his gueCOSNOr. For this reason he is said at this time to have proposed a plan whoroby both Cortos and Picado would retiro from the campaign in favor of a compromise candidate in the person of...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 5

DECLASSTIEU Authority State Letter Mhz ay me NARS Cate 2498 has been the No. 1ssue in the present campaign. The President and his supporters have takon the view that the act was perfectly justifiable and laid great stress on the Archbishop ruling referred to above. Ploado in his campaign addresses has endeavored to reassure the country by insist...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 6

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 6
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismCommunist PartyViolence
DECLASSIFIED Authority State Leher Yahz by me NARS Date 2458 thereafter, but most observers hope that they can be hela to local disturbances. Since the Cortés faction does not have Recess to any large supply of arms, it is diffioult to see how its supporters can attempt any armed violence on a large scale. The administration is fearful lest the ...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 7

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 7
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismCommunist PartyNazism
DELLASSiritu Authority Stateletter Mohr Nara Date 2498 ew. 6between the Calderón Guardias and Cortés is no exception. The charge that Cortés has Nazi synpathies has been so steadily played up by his political opponents that a viotory by bin would be represented as praotically equivalent to second Bolivia or triumph of the firthcolumn. The allian...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 8

VELSER Authority Stateletter Fuhr 8: MLHAR Cate 24 181 by NAS DRAMATIS PERSONAL Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia: Son of Dr. Calderón Muñoz, a veteran Catholic politician. Educated as surgeon in Belgium where he spent seven years and married Belgian wife. Returned to Costa Rica, praoticed his profession and gradually became involved in politics. In...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 9

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 9
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: Jorge VolioManuel Mora
USULASSHED Wake! almost every community in the country, and made an outstanding record as Miniater. He subsequently returned to his practice of law and later was elected a member of Congress. When the son of Leon Cortés was forced out Picado took over the post of President of the Congress. His record in the years immediately prior to larnoning h...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 28-01-1944, p. 10

  • Fecha: 28-1-1944
  • Página: 10
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: Roberto Brenes Mesén
REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES DECLASSIFIED Authority Stateletter Mhz 81 ME, NARA Date 24981 Duo to a somewhat disreputable personal life, he has never been anxious to step into the political arena. His conditions have been so rigorous that he has never accepted a compromiso candidacy. Otilio Ulato: Editor owner OL DIARIO DE COSTA RICA. Ear...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 1

UCULRU Authority Statele ter lahz 87 MLNARS Czte 24981 ANON EMBASSY DECADOX OF THE RECUNITED STATES OF AMERICA 38DEPARTMENT OF ogé. Costa Rica. February 1, 1944. 1944 FEB PM 3! No. 1056 DIVISION OF COMMUNICATIONS Subject: Anolosing Memorandum on Political Situation. STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL The Chargé Affaires ad interin has the night Honor to encl...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 2

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 2
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismViolence
DECLASSINEU Authority Stateletter Inha By me NART Cute 2498 February 1, 1944 TRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL MEMORANDUM ON THE POLITICAL SITUATION FOR THE CHARGÉ AFFAIRES Prepared by: Roger Tyler, Jr. Bei There have been so many rumors, charges and fantastic ideas, and put out during these elections, that it is impossible to know the true state of affairs....

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 3

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 3
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: Communism
DECLASSIAED Authority Stateletter Inhz By MENARI Date 2498 political beatings and jailings that are continually taking place or whether the press believes that reports of such incidents would only stir up the country more, is not known, but LA TRIBUNA of Jamuary 20, which is pro Administration and whose editor, General José Pinaud, is a candidat...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 4

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 4
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: Manuel MoraViolence
VECLASSIFIED Authority Statele Her Wahz E; WL, NARA Date 2498 in order to prevent the Government from accusing them of being disturbers of the peace, or from taking away what few arms they may possess, none the less their hopes of presenting a solid front and firm resistance on Election day and thereafter are expressed in their daily political a...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 5

VECLASSNitu Authority Statele fernhez MY HART 2498 a tremendous sum for so small a country. It was obvious that prices would rise in Costa Rica because of the war, regardless of efficient administration, but it is equally true that the opposition to the President would seek to place all the blame on hin. This apparently has been done successfull...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 6

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 6
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismManuel MoraNazism
DECLASSMED Authority Statele Her Whe By Me NART Date 2498 was not increased when Picado, getting wind of the Administration scheme to postpone the Presidential elections, quickly returned to San José from one of the seall towns of the country where he had been resting and engine ered a unanimous vote by the Congress to have the elections held on...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 7

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 7
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: Manuel Mora
DECLASSHED Authority Stateletter Vahz By me NARS Date 24 18 Cortés will have him tried for malfaisance in office if he has the chance. Both of these men are well aware of the revengeful and vindictive character of ex President Cortés, a statement which is corroborated by some of Cortés! admirers, and it appears that they are prepared to use forc...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 8

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 8
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismDemocracyManuel Mora
UEULASiricu inclined unions under Mora direction. Another force working in favor of Cortés comes from a complaint of a Government employee in the Ministry of Fomento who alleges that all but two employees in that Ministry will vote for Cortés because the powerful few have taken all the graft and there has been no alsuribution among them, which w...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 9

DECLASSIEU Authority Stateletter Inhz ay me NART Date 2498 their cedulas have been given to persons who will vote for Picado. About 5, 000 Nicaraguans living in Costa Rica have been naturalized, but not trusting them to vote for Picado, their cedulas have been, according to usually accurate sources, kept by the Government and will be voted by th...

Departamento de Estado de los EEUU, 01-02-1944, p. 10

  • Fecha: 1-2-1944
  • Página: 10
  • País: CR
  • Etiquetas: CommunismManuel MoraWorkers Movement
DECLASSIMEU Authority Stateletter Whe em NARS Cz. 2498 9but the known disapproval with which both of these Government and that of El Salvador would view a leftist Government in Costa Rica gives the Government same pause. The Government can count on the probable sympathy of Mexico through the influence of Lombardo Toledano, who has twice visited ...